Most of the information about rules available to me is still not yet included here. Much of this information was hastily gathered and posted on this web page without serious consideration to style and minimal proofreading.

Measuring Devices
The Makers and Markers of Gauges, Rules, Squares & Tapes

There were many more markers of tools than makers; part of the fun is separating the markers from the makers. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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Acme Rule Co., Salisbury, Connecticut.
  • Rule: patent December 21, 1886.
  • Adjustable Gauge Company, Lexington, Kentucky
  • Patented 1908. Square: double bevel.
  • Adlam, S., Boston, Mass.
  • Rule: Two foot two fold boxwood carpenters' rule, marked S. ADLAM MAKER BOSTON
  • Adams, Robert, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Adams Robert, mat. inst. maker 300 Broadway,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, p. 88. Published by Thomas Longworth, 1834.
  • See Kutz & Adams.
  • Albert, C., Whitehaven, Pennsylvania.
  • Circa 1844. Log caliper.
  • Aldridge, T., Bergen, New Jersey.
  • Rule.
  • Shoemaker's measure.
  • Also seen with New York marks.
  • Alexander,
  • 1897, Patent for Improved Wantage Rod.
  • Almond Mfg. Co., T.R., Ashburnham, Massachusetts.
  • Machinist Rules.
  • A&M,
  • Rules:
  • American Mfg. Concern, Jamestown, New York
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Jamestown, New York: Rules: Advertising, A
  • Falconer, New York: Rules: Advertising Desk Rule
  • American Rule Mfg. Co., The,
  • Rules:
  • American Drafting Furniture Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 223 Mill, Rochester, New York: Squares: Movable “T”, E
  • Andrews & Sons, E.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Williamsport, Pennsylvania: Rules: Nickel Plated, Steel Board, D
  • Archer, William, New York, New York
  • Listed as “math. mat. inst. maker 230 Hudson,” in the 1827 Longworth's American Almanac New York Register and City Directory, p. 61. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827.
  • Listed as “math. inst. maker 230 Hudson,” in the 1834-5 Longworth's American Almanac New York Register and City Directory, p. 98. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1834.
  • Arm, Isaac, New York, New York
  • 1860 New York City directory per Ken Roberts.
  • Aston, Samuel New York, New York
  • Listed as “Aston Samuel, rule maker, rear 118 Mott.” The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 18. Published by John Doggett, Jr, 1842.
  • Athol Machine Co., Athol, Massachusetts
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Athol, Massachusetts.: Rules: Caliper, Machinist Steel, B
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Athol, Mass.: Squares: Bevel Combination, Iron, Steel, Machinists, Center Try, Mitre, Adjustable, B
  • Atkins & Co., E. C., Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Indianapolis, Indiana.: Squares: Try, Mitre, AAA
  • Austin, R.J., Dixfield, Maine.
  • Log rule.
  • Auringer, T.C., Cohoes, New York
  • Square.



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    Baker, (David) & Hooper, (Henry N.), Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “mathematical instrument makers, on Draw bridge 54 Ann,” in the 1823 The Boston Directory, p. 34. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr., 1823.
  • Baldwin, Hiram, Nashua, New Hampshire. Circa 1870.
  • Log rule and yardstick.
  • Barnhart, Arthur M. & Olsen E., Chicago, Illinois
  • 1871 - 1932.
  • Printer's rule.
  • Bates Mfg. Co., Orange New Jersey
  • Steel Rule inch and metric graduations.
  • Bayne, Joseph, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Listed as “rule mkr Christian n(ear) Water,” in DESILVER'S Philadelphia Directory for 1835 & 1836. Published Robert Desilver, April 1835.
  • Listed in Publisher's Alterations list shows “rule maker Marriott's la(ne) n(ear) 3d,” in DESILVER'S Philadelphia Directory for 1835 & 1836.
  • Listed as “rulemaker, 2630 Pine,” in McElroy's Philadelphia City Directory for 1863, p. 67. Published A. McElroy. 1863.
  • Shoe Stick.
  • Belcher, Charles, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Belcher Charles, rule-m. 11 Burling-slip h. 761 Broadway,”, Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory , p. 122. Published by Thomas Longworth, 1834.
  • Listed as “Charles Belcher, rules, 17 Platt,”, The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 29. Published by John Doggett, Jr, 1842.
  • Listed as “Charles Belcher, rules, 3 Platt,” The New York City Directory for 1845 & 1846, p. 34. Published by John Doggett, Jr, 1845.
  • Listed as “Charles Belcher, rules, 221 Pearl, h. Camptown, N.J.,” Doggett's New York City Directory 1848-1849, p. 44. Published by John Doggett Jr, 1848.
  • Belcher, Henry, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Henry Belcher, rules, 221 Pearl, h. Irvington, N.J.,” Trow's New York City Directory 1856-1857, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1857.
  • Listed as “Henry Belcher, rules, 246 Pearl, h. Irvington, N.J.,” Trow's New York City Directory 1858-1859, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1858.
  • Listed as “Henry Belcher, rules, 233 Pearl, h. N.J.,” Trow's New York City Directory 1859-1860, p. 66. Published by H. Wilson. 1859.
  • Listed as “Henry Belcher, rules, 233 Pearl, h. N.J.,” Trow's New York City Directory 1860-1861, p. 67. Published by H. Wilson. 1860.
  • Belcher, Joseph, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Joseph Belcher, rules, 221 Pearl, h. Irvington, N.J.,” Trow's New York City Directory 1856-1857, p. 64.. Published by H. Wilson. 1857.
  • Listed as “Joseph Belcher, rules, 246 Pearl, h. Irvington, N.J.,” Trow's New York City Directory 1858-1859, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1858.
  • Listed as “Joseph Belcher, rules, 233 Pearl, h. N.J.,” Trow's New York City Directory 1859-1860, p. 66. Published by H. Wilson. 1859.
  • Listed as “Joseph Belcher, rules, 233 Pearl, h. N.J.,” Trow's New York City Directory 1860-1861, p. 67. Published by H. Wilson. 1860.
  • Belcher, Thomas, New York, New York
  • Thomas Belcher most likely emigrated from England as an apprenticed rulemaker. He was a descendant of Zachariah Belcher, listed as a Sheffield rulemaker from 1839-1865
  • 1860 Belcher Brothers & Company Catalogue, A Ken Roberts' Reprint, describes Thomas Belcher at 145 Division Street in the 1822 New York Directory, rulemaker. The 1860 catalogue states “1821.”
  • Roberts reports that Thomas Belcher's brother William joined the firm in 1825 (see T. & W. Belcher entry below) forming T. & W. Belcher at 141 Milbury Street later moving in 1832 to Water Street and operating as Belcher Brothers.
  • In 1840 the business was at Platt Street and in 1851 moved again to 271 Pearl Street. Roberts reports that the sons joined in 1853 and the firm was then named Belcher Brothers & Company.
  • Listed as “Belcher Thomas, rules, 17 Platt,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Alexander Farnham in his book Early Tools of New Jersey and the Men Who Made Them suggests the factory was moved to New Jersey about 1843 leaving the sales office in New York City.
  • Ken Roberts' reprinted catalogue lists William Belcher at 233 Pearl Street, New York City as the sole sales representative for Belcher Brothers & Company. Listed as “Belcher Thomas, rulemaker 11 Burling-slip h. Brooklyn,”, Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory . Published by Thomas Longworth, 1834, p. 122.
  • Listed as “Thomas Belcher, rules, 17 Platt,”, The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 29. Published by John Doggett, Jr, 1842.
  • Listed as “Thomas Belcher, rules, 3 Platt,”, The New York City Directory for 1845 & 1846, p. 34. Published by John Doggett, Jr, 1845-1846.
  • Listed as “Thomas Belcher, rules, 221 Pearl, h. Camptown, N.J.,”, Doggett's New York City Directory 1848-1849, p. 44. Published by John Doggett Jr, 1848.
  • Listed as “Thos. Belcher, rules, 221 Pearl, h. Camptown, N.J.,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1856-1857, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1857.
  • Belcher, Thomas H. New York, New York
  • Listed as “Thos. H. Belcher, rules, 221 Pearl, h. Irvington, N.J.,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1856-1857, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1857.
  • Listed as “Thos. H. Belcher, rules, 246 Pearl, h. irvington, N.J.,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1858-1859, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1858.
  • Listed as “Thomas H. Belcher, rules, 233 Pearl, h. H.J.,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1859-1860, p. 67. Published by H. Wilson. 1859.
  • Listed as “Thomas H. Belcher, rules, 233 Pearl, h. H.J.,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1860-1861, p. 67. Published by H. Wilson. 1860.
  • Belcher, Thomas Jr. New York, New York
  • Listed as “Thos. Belcher jr., rules, 221 Pearl, h. Camptown, N.J.,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1856-1857, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1857.
  • T. & W. Belcher, New York, New York
  • Founders Thomas and William Belcher
  • No. 145 Division-Street--New York,The AMERICAN COAST PILOT, Edmund M. Blunt, Publisher. 1822.
  • T. & W. Belcher, [At the Sign of the Rule,] No. 145 Division-Street--New York, Respectfully inform the public that they have commenced the above business, and owing to their long experience, (being the result of uninterrupted practice from our infancy,) and improved methods, they are enabled to make all kinds of Scales and Rules, superior and cheaper than any hitherto manufactured in New-York. Among the articles of their manufacture are -- Sliding and Gunter's Scales for Navigation, warranted accurate, all kinds of Surveying Scales, Protractors, Parallel Rulers, and Instruments for gauging oil and liquors, Ivory and best Turkey Boxwood Rules of every description, Tailors Rules and Squares, Shoe size sticks, Lumber Sticks, &c. &c. Also repairs on reasonable terms. Sept. 1822 The AMERICAN COAST PILOT, Published Edmund M. Blunt. 1822.
  • Listed as “T. & W. Belcher & Co., Rule-makers, 141 Mulberry,” in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory, p. 75. Published Thomas Longworth. 1825.
  • Shoe Stick.
  • Belcher, William, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Belcher William, rule-m 11 Burling-slip h. 69 Eldridge,”, Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory , p. 122. Published by Thomas Longworth, 1834.
  • Listed as “William Belcher, rules, 17 Platt, h. Brooklyn,”, The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 29. Published by John Doggett, Jr, 1842.
  • Listed as “William Belcher, rules, 3 Platt, h. Brooklyn,”, The New York City Directory for 1845 & 1846, p. 34. Published by John Doggett, Jr, 1845-1846.
  • Listed as “William Belcher, rules, 221 Pearl, h. Brooklyn,”, Doggett's New York City Directory 1848-1849, p. 44. Published by John Doggett Jr, 1848.
  • Listed as “WILLIAM BELCHER, rules, 221 Pearl, h. B'klyn,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1856-7, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1857.
  • Listed as “WM. Belcher, Rules, Manufactured by Belcher Bro's & Co. A very extensive and complete assortment of Rules is offered for sale to Dealers at a great reduction from former rates at the Rule Depot, No. 221 Pearl, cor. of Platt street, upstairs by Wm. Belcher,”. Trow's New York City Directory 1856-7, p. 31. Published H. Wilson. 1857.
  • Listed as “William H. Belcher, mer 246 Pearl, h. Clinton av. N Myrtle av. B'klyn,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1858-1859. Published by H. Wilson. 1858, p. 64.
  • Listed as “William Belcher, hardware, 233 Pearl, h. Clinton av. c. Willoughby av., B'klyn.,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1859-60, p. 67. Published by H. Wilson. 1859.
  • Listed as “WM. Belcher, Rules and Joiners' Tools. Belcher Brothers & Co., who first established the manufacture in this country, continue to supply the Trade with their Goods, at the sole depot, kept by William Belcher, who keeps a good assortment of Measuring TAPES, PADLOCKS, SAND PAPER, and JOINERS; TOOLS, including Steel Squares, Try Squares, Bevels, Spokeshaves and Guages; also, Bemis' C.S. Dividers, Compasses, &c., which we offer to dealers at manufactgureers' prices. Wm. Belecher, 233 Pearl Street.,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1859-60, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1860.
  • Listed as “William Belcher, hardware, 233 Pearl, h. Clinton av. c. Willoughby av., B'klyn.,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1860-61, p. 67. Published by H. Wilson. 1860.
  • Belcher Brothers, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Belcher Brothers, Rule-makers, 141 Mulberry,”, Longworth's American Almanac, New-York Register, and City Directory, p. 79. Published by Thomas Longworth, 1827.
  • Listed as “Belcher, brothers, rulemakers 11 Burling-slip,”, Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory , p. 122. Published by Thomas Longworth, 1834.
  • Listed as “Belcher & Brothers, Rule Manufacturers, 11 Burling Slip,”, New-York Annual Register, p. 517. Published by Edwin Williams, 1836.
  • Listed as “Belcher Brothers, Rule Makers, 101 John,”, New-York As It Is In 1837, p. 99. Published by J. Disturnell 1837.
  • Listed as “Belcher Brothers, Rulemakers, 17 Platt upstairs,”, Longworth's American Almanac, New-York Register, and City Directory, p. 89. Published by Thomas Longworth, 1839.
  • Listed as “Charles, William, Thomas Belcher, Rulemakers, 17 Platt,”, Longworth's American Almanac, New-York Register, and City Directory, p. 89, Published by Thomas Longworth, 1839.
  • Listed as “Belcher Brothers, Manufacturers of Turkey Box-Wood & Ivory Rules, Gunter's Scales, Gauging-Rods, Size-Sticks, &C., 17 Platt Street Up Stairs.,”, A.E. Wright's Boston, New York, Philadelphia & Baltimore Commercial Directory, p. 209. Published by A.E. Wright, 1840.
  • Listed as “Belcher Brothers, rule manuf., 17 Platt,”, The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 29. Published by John Doggett, Jr, 1842.
  • Henry and Thomas Belcher headed company in 1843.
  • 1843 Newark, New Jersey Directory: Camptown, New Jersey.
  • Listed as “Belcher Brothers, rule manuf., 3 Platt,”, The New York City Directory for 1845 & 1846, p. 34. Published by John Doggett, Jr, 1845-1846.
  • Listed as “Belcher Brothers, rule Manuf., 221 Pearl,”, Doggett's New York City Directory 1848-1849, p. 44. Published by John Doggett Jr, 1848.
  • November 2, 1852 Camptown, New Jersey was renamed Irvington, New Jersey.
  • Belcher Bros & Co.,
  • Listed as “Belcher Brothers & Co., 221 Pearl,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1856-7, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1857.
  • Listed as “Belcher & Brothers & Co., rules, 246 Pearl,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1858-1859, p. 64. Published by H. Wilson. 1858.
  • Listed as “Belcher Brothers & Co., 233 Pearl,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1859-60, p. 67. Published by H. Wilson. 1859.
  • From Ken Roberts reprint of the 1860 Catalogue: '...the articles will continue to be made of the same uniform good quality, well seasoned and accurate, for which they have been celebrated ever since their first introduction, in the year 1821. The rules denominated Round Joint, being generally made of an inferior selection of Boxwood, although well seasoned, will not have the stamp of the firm upon them, but all others will be stamped “Belcher Brothers & Co., New York,” and may be relied upon as genuine.'
  • Listed as “Belcher Brothers & Co., 233 Pearl,”, Trow's New York City Directory 1860-61, p. 67. Published by H. Wilson. 1860.
  • By 1870 Belcher Bros & Co. moved to 109 New Jersey Railroad Avenue in Newark; later to 124 Green Street, Newark, New Jersey.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Irvington, New Jersey: Rules: Boxwood, Caliper, Freight, Parallel, Plate Glass, Shrinkage, Saddlers', Glaziers', Scale, Desk, X
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Irvington, New Jersey: Squares: Dressmakers, Taylors, Plate Glass, X
  • Roberts reports that Belcher Bros & Co. continued making rules until 1877 and that William Belcher continued to sell them until 1880 at 89 Chambers Street, New York City.
  • Farnham shows a 1885 directory which places Belcher Brothers & Co at 124 Green Street, Newark, New Jersey. (see Farnham).
  • Belcher, Zachariah, Sheffield, England
  • Listed as “Belcher, Zachariah, box & ivory rule maker, 4 Bright street,”, Sheffield. History, Directory & Gazetteer of County of York, p. 304. Published by Edward Baines, 1823.
  • Belcher, Zachariah, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Zachariah Belcher, rules, 221 Pearl, h. N.J.,”, Doggett's New York City Directory 1848-1849, p. 44. Published by John Doggett Jr, 1848.
  • Grandson of Zachariah Belcher of Sheffield, England.
  • Bemis & Call Hardware & Tool Co., Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Springfield, Mass.: Squares: Iron, Steel Pocket, A
  • Bergmann,
  • Philadelphia, Shoemaker's measure.
  • Billings & Spencer Co., Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Hartford, Conn.: Rules: Scale, Shrinkage, Steel, AA
    1905-06 Thomas' Register: Hartford, Conn.:Squares: Caliper, A
  • Biddle Co., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Rule.
  • Biggs, Thomas, New York, New York
  • Listed as “instrument-maker, 60, facing Beekman's-slip,” in The New-York Directory, p. 22. Published by David Franks. 1786.
  • Bliss, John, New York, New York
  • Nautical Parallel Rule.
  • Listed as “Bliss John, chronometers, 42 Fulton, h. Brooklyn.” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 36. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1843.
  • Bliss & Creighton, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Bliss & Creighton, chronometers, 42 Fulton.” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 36. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1843.
  • Binney, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Rule.
  • Bolles, Franklin & Co., Hartford, Connecticut
  • Carpenter rule with Gunter slide.
  • Bowles, Leonard C., Boston, Massachusetts
  • No. 94 Washington-Street, (Cornhill) Boston. Leonard C. Bowles, Importer of ... Mathematical Instruments, Scales and Dividers, Parallel Rules, Measuring Tapes ... advertisement in Boston Annual Advertiser in The Boston Directory 1825, Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1825.
  • Bowles, Thomas Salter (1785-1851), Portsmouth, New Hampshire
  • Wantage Rod.
  • Breed, Aaron, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Breed, Aaron, mathematical instrument maker, 1 India wharf. in The Boston Directory 1820, p. 49. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1820.
  • Listed as “Breed, Aaron, mathematical and optical instrument maker, 1 India wharf, house Purchase. in The Boston Directory 1825, p. 54. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1825.
  • Listed as “Breed, Aaron, mathemat. inst. 143 Broad, h. 140 Purchase in Stimpson's Boston Directory, p. 88. Published by Stimpson and Clapp 1832.
  • Listed as “Breed, Aaron, Broad opp. Purchase in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical businesses,” p. 73 in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • Bremner, Andrew, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Bremner Andrew A. rulemaker 169 Mulberry,” in 1834-1835 Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City directory, p. 149. Published by Thomas Longworth 1834.
  • 1840 New York City directory per Ken Roberts.
  • Listed as “Bremner And'w. A., rule maker, Hester c. Elizabeth, h. 101 Orchard.” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 43. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Bremner & Co., New York, New York
  • Listed as “Bremner & Co. rule makers at the corner of Hester & Elizabeth,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 43. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1843.
  • Listed in Journal of The Franklin Institute Vol IX, Philadelphia, 1845, Extracts from the Reports of the Judges appointed to examine the Articles offered at the Fourteenth Exhibition of American Manufactures; held October, 1844. p. 156 ...No. 1017, one case of rules, made by Bremner & Co., New York, deposited by Foote & Thompson. These appear to be a well made and good article: creditable to the maker.
  • Bromley Bros, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Squares: Ingrain, A
  • Bromley, Jas. & Geo. D., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Squares: Ingrain, B
  • Brown & Sharpe Mfg. Co., Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Providence, Rhode Island: Rules: Caliper, Key Seat, Machinists', Scale, Shrinkage, Steel, Steel Metric, Boxwood, Iron, Metric, AAAA
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Providence, Rhode Island: Squares: Caliper, Combination, Machinists', Iron, Steel, Try, AAAA
  • Brown, Bush G., New York, New York.
  • Listed “Brown Bush G., math. inst., 27 Fulton,” The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 47. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Brown, C.L., New York, New York. 1821 - 1833.
  • protractor and Gunter rule.
  • Brown, Edmund, New York, New York.
  • Listed as “mathemat. inst. maker 54 Cherry,” in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory, p. 95. Published Thomas Longworth. 1825.
  • Listed as “mathematical inst. maker 190 Water,” in 1834-5 Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory, p. 155. Published Thomas Longworth. 1834.
  • Brown, Edmund, & Son, New York, New York.
  • Listed “mathematical instruments, 27 Fulton,” The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, John Doggett Jr, Publisher
  • Browning, Samuel S., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “mathematical and optical instrument maker, 67 Broad, house 60 Newbury st.,,” in the 1820 The Boston Directory, , p. 53. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr., 1820.
  • Listed as “mathematical and optical instrument maker, 67 Broad, house 60 Newbury,,” in the 1823 The Boston Directory, p. 54. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr., 1823.
  • Listed as “Browning, Samuel S. mathematical and optical instrument maker, house 276 Washington,” in The Boston Directory 1825, p. 58. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1825.
  • Listed as “Browing, Sam. S., mathematical inst. maker, 67 Broad in Stimpson's Boston Directory, p. 93. Published by Stimpson and Clapp 1832.
  • Brown, E., Wayne, Maine.
  • log rule 48 inch long 1in. square.
  • Brown, Bush G., New York, New York.
  • Listed as “Brown Bush G., math. inst., 27 Fulton.” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 46. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Brown, Edmond & Son, New York, New York.
  • Listed as “Brown Edmund & Son, mathematical instruments, 27 Fulton.” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 47. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Brower Bros, New York, New York.
  • BB Ruler and Paper Cutter.
  • Buck, Frank R.,
  • Lumber sticks
  • 1912-1956 Chicago, IL
  • 1956-1975 Woodstock, IL
  • 1981- Mill Shoals, IL
  • Burdett, C.,
  • Maker (lumber rule)
  • Maker N.Y. (shoe last rule)
  • Burdett, Charles, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Burdett Charles, rulemaker, 8 Madison,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 52. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Burrowes & Co., E. T., Portland, Maine
  • Rule: Wood Inside Folding Rule Pat March 24th 1891.
  • Burnett, Charles,
  • Farnham: Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker.



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    Canisteo,

    Carpenter, F.A., 514 N 4th, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • McElroy's Philadelphia Directory for 1856
  • Carpenter, J.E., New York
  • Square
  • Carter, Benjamin, Middletown, Connecticut
  • Maker. Middletown, CT., Tailor's caliper, marked F. H. Taylor's Patent
  • Cary, J.H.,
  • Maker. N. Salem, Massachusets. Log Caliper.
  • Chamberlain, N.B., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Chamberlain, N.B. & D., 2 & 9 School,” in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical Businesses in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, p. 73. By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • Chandler & Maddux, Xenia, Ohio
  • Lining rule.
  • Chapin, H.,
    From Ken Roberts' October, 1976 reprint of Chapin's 1853 catalogue titled, CATALOGUE and INVOICE PRICES of RULES, PLANES, GAUGES, &C. manufactured by HERMON CHAPIN. Roberts' notes indicate Hermon Chapin, initially a planemaker, was sole proprietor of the UNION FACTORY at Pine Meadow, Connecticut from 1829 to 1860. In 1834 he purchased the business of Franklin Bolles of Hartford, Connecticut to make rules until 1860 as well, when he then sold his interests to his sons who conducted business as H. CHAPIN'S SONS & CO. until 1868 when Edward M. Chapin acquired all interests and conducted business as H. CHAPIN'S SON until his death in 1897. The 1853 catalogue list rules having “invoice numbers” ranging from 1 through 99; planes from 100 through 245; and gauges from 246 through 262. Do you have them all?
  • Listed in Journal of The Franklin Institute Vol X, Philadelphia, 1845, Extracts from the recordings of the Fifteenth Exhibition of American Manufactures, held in the city of Philadelphia, from the 21st of October to the 1st of November, inclusive, 1845 by the Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania, for the promotion of the Mechanic Arts. p. 382 It is to be regretted, that many beautiful specimens in this department came too late to be submitted to the inspection of the judges. Among them may be mentioned: ... 712, carpenters' rules, by W. Thrall, Conn.; ... 725, carpenters' rules, by H. Chapin, Conn. ...
  • Chapin-Stephens,
  • Company formed October 1st, 1901 when H. Chapin's Son & Company purchased the financially troubled Stephens.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Pine Meadow, Conn.: Rules: Caliper, Architect, Hickory Board, Boxwood, Freight, Ivory, Hickory Log, Combination, Scale , Shrinkage, Slide, Slope Level, Try Square, School, Desk, A
  • Chicago Cork Works Co.,
  • 6 inch Cork gauge.
  • Chicago Steel Tape Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register:Temple Court Bldg., Chicago, Illinois:Tapes: Measuring.
  • Clark, S. Morton, Brattleboro', Vermont
  • Exhibited samples of Carpenters' rules manufactured by Clark & Co., of Brattleboro' Vermont at the Eighth Monthly Conversation Meeting at the Hall of the Franklin Institute on the 28th of April 1835.
  • Anderson Clayton Company,
  • Rule:Cotton Staple Scale.
  • Claxton, Timothy, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Claxton, Timothy, philosophical instrument maker, 23 Water, house 13 Hamilton,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory 1834, p. 118. Published by Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1834.
  • Listed as “Claxton, Timothy, philosoph. inst. mak., 23 Water, house rear Milk,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory, p. 110. Published by Stimpson and Clapp 1832.
  • Clearman, L. A.,
  • ca. 1833, rulemaker.
  • Cleveland Rule / Conway Cleveland Corp, Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Board foot rule, aluminum head, Patent D209231.
  • Clegg, D. Webster,
  • 18 inch maple counting house ruler, New York, concave back, ruler & paper, cutter patented September 10, 1867.
  • Coffin & Leighton, Syracuse, New York.
  • Rules: Patent 1885.
  • Cook, Henry, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Cook Henry, math. inst. maker 285 Washington,” in 1834-5 Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City directory, p. 208. Published by Thomas Longworth 1834.



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    Darling, Brown & Sharpe, Providence, RI.
  • Rules: Patent December 16, 1879. Squares:
  • Davenport, William, No. 25 South Front-Street, Philadelphia
  • Mathematical, Optical, and Philosophical Instrument Maker, listed in The American Coast Pilot March, Sept. 1822. Published Edmund M. Blunt. 1822
  • Davidson, Henry,
  • Tailors Square. 223 GRAND ST New York
  • Tailors Square. H DAVIDSON MAKER 95 BOWERY N Y
  • United States Patent Office: ..., of Brooklyn, New York, Folding Square , specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 318,877, dated May 26, 1885, Application filed January 26, 1885, (No model).
  • 1860 New York City directory per Ken Roberts.
  • Davis, A., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Davis, A. 11 Cornhill in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical businesses,” in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, p. 73. By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • Davis, Danl., Jr., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Davis, Danl., Jr. 11 Cornhill in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical businesses.,” in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, p. 73. By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • Deamer, James, New York, New York
  • “Mathematical, Optical, and Philosophical Instrument Maker,”, listed in The American Coast Pilot March, Sept. 1822. Published Edmund M. Blunt. 1822
  • Listed as offering “Cane and Spectacle Manufactory. No. 38, Maiden-Lane, Near Nassau-Street.,” in Fore page advertisements in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory Published Thomas Longworth. 1825.
  • Listed as offering “Cane and Spectacle Manufactory. No. 38, Maiden-Lane, Near Nassau-Street.,” in Fore page advertisement in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827.
  • Listed as “optician 38 Maiden-lane,” in Longworth's American Almanac New York Register and City Directory, p. 150. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827.
  • Dietz & Magee Ivins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Squares: Ingrain, AAAA
  • Dietzgen Co., Eugene,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Chicago, Illinois: Rules: for Draughting Room, A
    1905-06 Thomas' Register: 181 Monroe, Chicago, Illinois: Squares: T, A
    1905-06 Thomas' Register: 181 Monroe, Chicago, Illinois: Tapes: Measuring, A
  • Disston & Sons Inc., Henry, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Rules: Machinists' Steel, AAAA
    1905-06 Thomas' Register: Tacony, Pennsylvania: Squares: Bevel, Combination, Iron, Steel, Machinists', “T”, Try, Mitre, AAAA
  • Dittmar, L., Copyright New York 1886
  • Folding Square
  • Dixon,

    Dobson, John & Jas., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Squares: Ingrain, AAAA
  • Donnerstag Co., M., Chicago, Ill:
  • Squares: Tailor's.
  • Dowling, Michael, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Dowling, Michael, mathematical inst. mak., 116 Orange”, in Longworth's American Almanac, New York Register and City Directory 1827, p. 176. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827.
  • Durgin, Mrs. E.E., Boston
  • Dress Makers Square. Marked MRS. E.E. DURGIN, BOSTON SOLE PROPTR / DRESS MAKERS SQUARE PAT'D OCT 9, 1877. JULY 23, & DEC. 17, 1878. 12 inch by 24 inch.
  • Patent 195 925. Griffin, Caleb H. Boston, assignor of one-half interest to Elizabeth Ellen Durgin, Malden Centre, Mass. Improvement in Dress-Makers' Squares. October 9, 1877.
  • Patent 206 315. Griffin, Caleb H. Boston, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Elizabeth E(llen). Durgin, Malden, Mass. Drafting-square for garments. July 23, 1878. A mesne assignment implies the ownership of the patent passed through other parties.
  • Reissue Patent 8 523. Griffin, Caleb H. Boston, assignor of one-half interest to Elizabeth E. Durgin, Malden, Mass. Dressmaker's square. Dec. 17, 1878.
  • Dunlap,
  • Rules.
  • Dunning & Boschert Press Co., Inc., Syracuse, New York
  • Catalogue No. 51. Combined Barrel Gauge and Wantage Rod
    “The above cut shows a combined gauge manufactured expressly for our trade. As usually made the gauge and rod are separate, and some of the tables are of no use to cider makers; only tending to confuse, besides there being two separate rods, are more liable to get misplaced or lost. By this combination of both in one, we secure a very neat and compact rod, and with much less liability of error than when those of ordinary manufacture are used. The workmanship is the very best. The figures being large, are easily read...”
  • Dutch, Henry D., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Dutch, Henry D., mathematical instr. mak. 71 Commer. ,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory 1833, p. 148. Published by Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1834.
  • Listed as “Dutch, Henry D. 86 Commercial in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical businesses.,” in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, p. 73. By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.


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  • Eagle Square Manufacturing Co., South Shaftsbury, Vermont
  • Steel Carpenters' Squares Catalogue: nd
  • Established 1817.
  • Post 1880 Finishes: Plain Polished Steel; Blued; Nickel Plate on Copper; Galvanized; Copper Plate; Oxidized; Copper Plate, Plain; Royal Copper.
  • Eddy & Co., Geo. M.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Brooklyn, New York: Rules: Surveying, A
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 345 Classen Ave.,Tapes, Measuring, Linen, Cotton, Spring Pocket, Steel, A
  • Ellery's, W.H., Burlington, Iowa
  • Rules: Rule & Paper Cutter, PAT'RN FEB 1886
  • Ellett Rule Co., Tillatoba, Miss.
  • Rules: Board measure
  • Ernst and Sons, Louis,
  • From a No. 11 tailors square, Rochester, N.Y., the second “s” in “Sons” is definitely made with a separate punch, indicating that Louis Ernst and Son did business and perhaps Louis Ernst himself.
  • Evans Rule Co., Elizabeth, N. J. and Montreal, Que.
  • Tape Measure.



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    Faber, A. W., 78 Reade Street, New York.
  • Improved Calculating Rule, Manufactory Established 1761. Manufactured in Germany, France and the United States. Houses in London, Paris, Berlin and New York. About 1902-1903.
  • Faber, Eberhard,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: New York City: Rules: Desk, Boxwood, AAA
  • Fabian & Son, V., Milo Jct, Maine
  • An Improved Rule for Measuring Logs
  • Farquhar Co. Limited, A. B.,
  • York, Pa. Rules: Combined Barrel Gauge and Wantage Rod.
  • Farrand, Hiram A.,
  • Berlin, New Hampshire:Tapes:FARRAND RAPID RULE
  • Fleming Machine Co.,
  • Rules
  • Ford,
  • Rules: Machinists
  • Forrest, B. L.,
  • Rules
  • Fowler, 621 North 4th Street, Philadelphia.
  • Shoemaker's measure.
  • Bench rule.
  • 3rd below Green, McElroy's Philadelphia Directory for 1856.
  • FRINGELI RULE CO., /CLEVELAND, O.,

    Frye, Addington D., New York,
  • Listed as “Frye Addington D., math. inst. maker, 222 Water, h. 33 Pike”, in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 125. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Frye & Shaw, New York,
  • Listed as “Frye & Shaw, math. instruments, 222 Water,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 125. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.



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    Gee, John,
  • Rules, 1855 New York City directory per Ken Roberts.
  • EAIA Directory American Toolmakers -1844-1845-
  • Listed as “Gee John, rulemaker, 218 Division”, in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 130. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Gattey, N., New York
  • Wantage Stick.
  • Circa. 1797.
  • Sibley, Gideon, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 6 inch 2 Fold caliper boxwood rule with caliper vernier
  • Gifford, Anthony,
  • Westport, Massachusetts: Gifford was a whaling sea captain who made rules in Westport circa 1840 - 1850.
  • 2 foot 2 fold with board tables, ships carpenter bevel, 6 inch caliper and 2 foot 4 fold.
  • Carpenters' Rule.
  • Gilbert, Clark & Co., Hartford, Connecticut
  • Referenced in listing, “RULES, (Agent for the sale of) Smith, W.M., agent for Gilbert Clark & Co's.[sic], boxwood and ivory rules, 219 Pearl-street,” in New-York As It Is In 1833 and Citizens' Advertising Directory. Published by J. Disturnell 1833, p. 219.
  • Co-Partnership formed for the transaction of a general Wholesale and Retail Hardware Business with the manufacturing of Tin and Sheet Iron Ware, Boxwood Rules, &c. under the firm of Gilbert, Clark & Co. Partnership comprised by Joseph B. Gilbert, Charles J. Gilbert & Spencer M. Clark in Hartford, Connecticut December 1, 1832.
  • The Co-Partnership of Gilbert, Clark & Co was dissolved by mutual consent September 26, 1834 and continued by Joseph B. Gilbert & Charles J. Gilbert as Gilbert & Co.
  • Goodell-Pratt Co., Greenfield, Mass.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Squares: Carpenters', Combination, Machinists, B
  • Goodrich & Co., B. F. Akron, Ohio,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Rules: Desk, AAAA
  • Goodyear India Rubber Glove Mfg. Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: New York City: Rules: Desk, AAAA
  • Goody,

    Graves, Jamestown, N.Y.,
  • Tailors Square.
  • Green, Charles E.,
  • Farnham: Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker.
  • Greenleaf, Flossie M., (born 1882). Littleton, New Hampshire, Belmont, Massachusetts & Jacksonville, Alabama
  • Daughter of William Gardner Greenleaf.
  • Log Calipers.
  • Greenleaf, William Gardner, (1834-1916)., Littleton, New Hampshire
  • Log Calipers.
  • Greenwood, C., New York, New York
  • Listed as “mathematical instrumentmak. 126 Front,” in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory, p. 161. Published, David Longworth. 1808.
  • Greenwood, Issac, New York, New York
  • Listed as “math. inst., maker 130 Front,” in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory, p. 201. Published, David Longworth. 1825.
  • Greenway, Thomas, New York, New York.
  • Listed as “Greenway Thomas, rulemaker 2 Attorney,” in 1834-5 Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory, p. 323. Published Thomas Longworth. 1834.
  • Grover, C. Wesley,
  • Pleasant Pond, Maine, Log Scaling Wheel.
  • Gurley, W. & L. E.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register:Troy, New York:Tapes: Measuring, C



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    Hagar, William G., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, near the draw-bridge, Ann Street,” in the 1789 The Boston Directory, p. 24. Printed and sold by John Norman, at Oliver's Dock. 1789.
  • Hagger, Benjamin K., Baltimore, Maryland
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, At the Sign of Hadley's Quadrant, South Street, Near Bowley's Wharf, Baltimore,” in THE AMERICAN COAST PILOT Published Edmund M. Blunt 1822.
  • Halsey, James, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Listed as “Importer and Wholesale Dealer,” at North 33 South Fourth Street, Philadlephia in A Practical Treatise on Business, p. 341 by Edwin T. Freedley. Published Lippencott, Grambo & Co., 1853.
  • Listed as “HALSEY JAMES, tailors' goods, 33 S 4th, h 235 Franklin,” in McElroy's Philadelphia Directory for 1855., p. 220. Published Edward C. & John Biddle, 1855.
  • Listed as “Halsey James, tailors' goods, 33 S 4th, h 235 Franklin,” in McElroy's Philadelphia Directory for 1856., p. 258. Published Edward C. & John Biddle, 1856.
  • Tailors' Square. Marked J. HALSEY 33 S FOURTH ST PHILADA
  • Hambler, W.H., 51 Nassau St. N.Y.:
  • Rule.
  • Hammacher, Schlemmer & Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Fourth Ave, New York City: Rules: Caliper, Extension, Key Seat, Lumbermens', Machinists', AAA1905-06 Thomas' Register: 200 Bowery, New York City: Squares: Caliper, Machinists, “T”, Try, Mitre, AAA
  • Hansen, H.C.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Boston, Mass.: Rules: Steel Perforation, Printers', B
  • Hartford Carpet Corpn.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas Register: Thomsonville, Conn.: Squares: Ingrain, AA
  • Harlow, C.C., Bridgewater, MA.
  • Board rule.
  • The Harper,
  • Patent December 27, 1887. Tape Measure.
  • Haselton, Hermon R., Contococook, New Hampshire. Son of Rufus B. Haselton
  • Rules, Lumber.
  • Haselton, Rufus B., maker, Groton & Contococook, New Hampshire.
  • Lumber Rules, Framing Square, Wantage Rod & Yardstick.
  • Hedge, Lemuel, Brattleborough, Vermont.
  • Patent for Construction of the Joints of Carpenters' Rules, Brattleborough, Vermont. April 22, 1835
  • Hedge, Lemuel, Hartford, Connecticut.
  • Patent for an improvement in the Joints of Carpenters' and other Rules, Hartford, Connecticut. April 29, 1837.
  • Hedge, Lemuel, New York, New York.
  • Listed as “Hedge Lemuel, machinist, 44 Avenue 3d”, in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 153. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Carpenter Rule.
  • Hewes, Eleazar J., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Hewes, Eleazar J., mathematical instrument maker, 92 Ann”, in The Boston Directory 1825, p. 140. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1825.
  • Listed as “Hewes, Eleazer J., math. inst. mak. Cross, n. commercial in Stimpson's Boston Directory, p. 183. Published by Stimpson and Clapp 1832.
  • Listed as “Hewes, E.J. 103 Commercial in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical businesses.,” in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, p. 73. By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • Hibbard-Spencer Bartlett & Co., Chicago, Illinois
  • Rules.
  • Hobby, Jonathan T., New York, New York
  • Listed as “Hobby Jonathan T., math. inst. maker, 156 Water living at 254 Henry”, in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 159 John Doggett Jr, Publisher
  • R. Hoe & Co., Robert Hoe
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: New York City: Rules, Printers', AAAA
  • An English carpenter who came to the United States in 1803 and in 1805 founded one of the most important American manufacturer's of printing equipment.
  • Listed as “Hoe & Co., printing press makers, machinist in general, sawmakers, &c; a complete printing-office supplied at short notice; 29 & 31 Gold and corner of Bromie & Sheiff,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 159. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Hoyt, Thomas Rowell, Geoffstown, New Hampshire
  • Believed to have worked 1811-1898
  • Gauging Rod.
  • Hoggson & Pettes Mfg. Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: New Haven, Conn.: Squares: Machinist, A
  • Henry Holmes & Sons,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Squares: Ingrain, A
  • Hubbard & Brothers, Middletown, Connecticut
  • Adams' 1856 The Connecticut Business Directory p. 76 listed as “Rule Manufacturer.”
  • Jones' 1857 The Illustrated Commercial Mechanical, Professional and Statistical Gazetteer and Business-Book of Connecticut pp. 242, 244, 255 & 268 listed as operators of a Saw Mill, Planing Mill, Supplier of Lime, Cement, etc and Lumber Dealers.
  • Hubbard Hardware, Middletown, Connecticut
  • 1866 GAZETTEER of the Manufactures and Manufacturing Towns of the United States, p. 19. Full page ad shows C.C. Hubbard as President and F.W. Hubbard as Secretary. Ad describes a full line of boxwood and ivory rules.
  • Humphrey Machine Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Keene, New York: Rules: Caliper, C
  • Keene, NH Log caliper.


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  • Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co.,
  • WRITING AND MEASURING RULER, Copyright, 1881


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  • Jaggers, Stephen
  • Farnham:1849 at 14 Warren Street, Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker.
  • Farnham:1850 at Incline Plane, Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker.
  • Farnham:1860 at 2 East Mechanic Street, Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker.
  • Farnham:1861 Irvington, New Jersey, rulemaker.
  • Jennings & Co., C. E.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 42 Murray, New York City: Rules: Boxwood, Ivory, Machinists, B
  • Johnson, E. P.
  • 565 Washington Blvd., Chicago, Illinois. 1913 - 1948.
  • Patent January 9th, 1907.
  • Jones, Solomon A. Hartford, Connecticut.
  • Mid 19th century. Rules and bevel square..



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    Keast, Henry C., New York, New York
  • Listed as “manufactures thermometers, barometers, &c., 83 Fulton-street. ,” in New-York As It Is In 1833 and Citizens' Advertising Directory, p. 212. Published by J. Disturnell 1833.
  • Keen Kutter,

    Kerby & Bro, New York, New York
  • 1860 New York City directory per Ken Roberts.
  • Makers / 51 Fulton St., N.Y.
  • Rope Gages
  • Shrink rules
  • Tailor rules
  • Daniel & Joseph Kerby, Kerby & Brother 50 Fulton St; The Trow New York Directory March 1890.
  • Kerby Brother (Joseph & Daniel Kerby) 90 Fulton; Wilson's New York City Copartnership Directory March, 1879.
  • Robert D. & Joseph J. Kerby, Kerby & Brother 51 Fulton St; The Trow New York Directory March 1909.
  • Kerby & Davidson, New York, New York
  • Rules:Tailors rule.
  • Keuffel & Esser, New York, New York
  • Factory in Hoboken, New Jersey.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 127 Fulton, New York City: Rules: Extension, Scale, Shrinkage, Steel, Steel Metric, Boxwood, Combination, Slide, AA
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 127 Fulton, New York City: Squares: Iron, Steel, Try, mitre, “T”, AA
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 127 Fulton, New York City: Tapes: Steel, Metallic & Linen Measuring, AA
  • King, Charles G., Boston, Massachusetts.
  • Listed as “King, Charles G. (G. King & Son), h. 5 Lynde ,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory, p. 225. Published by Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1834.
  • Listed as “King, Charles G. 103 Commercial in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical businesses.,” in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, p. 73. By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • King, Gedney, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, No 10, N. row Fish Street,” in the The Boston Directory, p. 78. Published by Edward Cotton. 1805.
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, No 10, North row ,” in the The Boston Directory, p. 99. Published by Edward Cotton. 1807.
  • Listed as “mathematical instrument maker, 29 State street, house Lynn street,” in the The Boston Directory, p. 133. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr., 1820.
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, No. 29, State-Street, between Kilby and Broad-Streets,” in The American Coast Pilot. Published Edmund M. Blunt. March, Sept. 1822.
  • Listed as “mathematical instrument maker, 29 State street, house Lynn street,”, in the The Boston Directory, p. 133. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr., 1820.
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, 29 State, house 6 Clark,” in the The Boston Directory, p. 144. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr., 1823.
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, 129 State, house 5 Clark,” in the The Boston Directory, p. 164. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr., 1825.
  • Listed as “King, Gedney & Son (Charles G.), math. inst. maker, 7 Broad, h. 7 Staniford in Stimpson's Boston Directory, p. 209. Published by Stimpson and Clapp 1832.
  • Listed as “King, Gedney & Son (Charles G.), math. inst. makers, 7 Broad, h. 5 Lynde,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory, p. 225. Published by Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1834.
  • King, Robert, New York, New York
  • Listed as “math. inst. mak. 19 Lombardy,” in the 1827 Longworth's American Almanac New York Register and City Directory. 1827, p. 289. Published by Thomas Longworth.
  • Listed as “King Robert, mathematical inst. maker 18 Monroe,” in 1834-5 Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory, p. 411. Published Thomas Longworth. 1834.
  • Kopp & Co., Geo. L.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 538 T. Smithfield, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Squares: TT, A
  • Knottts Apparatus Co., L. E. Boston, MA.
  • Meter stick.
  • Kutz, Erazamus A., New York, New York.
  • Listed as “E. Kutz, Rule & Drawing Instrument Maker, 151 Water-Street near Fly-Market Slip, New-York,” in The Atlantic Coast Pilot, Published by Edmund M. Blunt. March 1822.
  • Listed as “Kutz Erasmus, mat. instr. and rule maker 172 Water,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, p. 257. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1825.
  • Listed as “Kutz Erasmus, mat. instr. & rule maker 172 Water,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, p. 293. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827.
  • Listed as “Kutz Erasmus, math. inst. & rulemaker 164 Water,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, p. 417. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1834.
  • Referenced as “Kutz, maker No. 164 Water-street, New-York,” in Matthias and His Impostures, p. 233. Published by Harper & Brothers. 1835.
  • Listed under “MATHEMATICAL INSTRUMENT MAKERS. Kutz, Erasmus A. 180 Water,” in New-York As It Is in 1837, p. 86. Published by J. Disturnell 1837.
  • Listed as “Kutz Erasmus A., math. instr. & rule m, 180 Water,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, p. 389. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1839.
  • Listed as “Kutz Erasmus A., naut. & Math. insts., 180 Water c. Burling slip”, in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 189. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Listed as “Kutz Erasmus A. naut. & math. inst's., 180 Water h. Newark,” in The New York City Directory for 1845 and 1846, p. 209. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1845.
  • Listed as “Kutz Erasmus A. math. inst's. 180 Water h. Newark,” in The New York City Directory for 1848, p. 238. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1848.
  • Listed as “Kutz Erasmus A. math. ins. 180 Water h. Newark,” in The New York City Directory for 1849, p. 238. John Doggett Jr, Publisher 1849.
  • Kutz, Erasmus A., Jr, New York, New York.
  • Listed as “Kutz jr. Erasmus A., rulemaker 2 Stanton,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, p. 389. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1839.
  • Listed as “Kutz Erasmus A. jr., police, h 94 Monroe,” in Trow's New York City Directory Compiled by H. Wilson for 1859 - 1860, p. 484, Published by John F. Trow. 1859.
  • Kutz, Frederick, New York, New York.
  • Listed as “Kutz Frederick rule maker 55 Orange,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827, p. 293.
  • Kutz, Joseph, New York, New York.
  • Listed as “Kutz Joseph, math. inst. 9 Hamilton,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, Published by Thomas Longworth. 1839, p. 389.
  • Kutz, Thomas E., New York, New York.
  • Listed as “Kutz Thomas E., math. instr. maker 51 Roosevelt,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, p. 257. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1825.
  • Listed as “Kutz Thomas E., math. instr. maker 61 Vesey,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, p. 293. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827.
  • Kutz & Adams, New York, New York.
  • Listed as “Kutz & Adams, manufacturers of rules, mathematical instruments, &c. 300 Broadway, 2 doors from Duane,” in Longworth's New York City Directory, p. 417. Published by Thomas Longworth 1834.
  • Probably Erasmus A. Kutz Junior and Robert Adams. 1834.



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    Lamb, J., Jeffersonville, N.Y.,
  • Gage for Shears. No. 170,570. Patented November 30, 1875
  • Lambert, W., Boston, Massachusetts.
  • Carpenters' Rule.
  • Lallie Instrument Co., Denver, Colorado
  • (1888-1964) made a 'Surveyors Tape Reel' patented by 'Justus Roe' of Patchogue, New York.
  • Latham, William, New York, New York.
  • Rulemaker
  • William Latham, Private, 3rd Infantry, Company G, Age 33, Killed in action May 9th, 1846 Palo Alto. Report of the The Secretary of War December 10th, 1846 showing the names of the officers and men killed, wounded or missing in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma.
  • Latshaw,
    Patents 1902 and 1906.

    Leoni, George, New York
  • “G. LEONI 102 John Street,Manufacturer and Importer of Mathematical, Optical and Philosophical Instruments. Philosophical Glass-Blowing in all its Branches, Barometers and Thermometers, With Book of Direction With Each. Philosophical and Chemical Glass-Blowing.” in advertisment in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843 John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Listed as “Leoni George, math. instruments, 112 John living at 92 Fulton,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 196. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Leoni & Co., New York
  • Listed as “Leoni & Co., astro. & philoso. inst. makers, 112, 114, & 116 John,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 196. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Lincoln, Fred. W. Jr., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Lincoln, Fred. W. Jr. 62 Commercial in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical businesses.,” in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, p. 73. By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • Lincoln, Joshua R., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Lincoln, Joshua R., mathematical instrument maker, 56 Ann,” in The Boston Directory 1825, p. 173. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1825.
  • Lorden, J.M., MAKER CHICAGO, ILL.,

    Lufkin, E. T., Cleveland, Ohio
  • Listed as manufacturer of “Board and Log Rules” at 8 and 17 River Street, Cleveland, Ohio in Industries of Cleveland, Trade, Commerce and Manufactures for the Year 1878. Published by Richard Edwards 1879, p. 156.
  • Lufkin, described as a Cleveland native was born in 1845. In 1870 Lufkin succeeded A.G. Hicks who originated the business ca. 1859. Ibid.
  • Lufkin, H. C.,
  • Maker, CLEV'D, O. marked on log rule with 6 inch brass strip extending back from head. Tiers for 10-11-13-12 on front, 9-14-15-16 on reverse.
  • Lufkin Rule Co., Saginaw, Michigan
  • Company doing business in Cleveland in 1893.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Saginaw, Michigan: Rules: Lumbermans', Machinists' Steel, Steel Metric, Tinners', Blacksmiths', Hickory Board, Steel Board, Steel Folding, Freight, Hickory Log, Scale Shrinkage, Desk School, AA
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register:Saginaw, Michigan: Squares: Steel, Linen Measuring, Cotton, AA



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    Magee, Worrall & Richards, New York, New York.
  • Full page add listing MAGEE, WORRALL & RICHARDS, Successors to HENRY DAVIDSON, Rules * Tailors' * Squares, ... Formerly at 95 Bowery for 40 years. 223 Grand Street, New York. p. iv in The American Tailor and Cutter Vol XIII, August 1891. Published by The JNO. J. MITCHELL CO., 830 Broadway, New York.

  • Tailor's rule. Marked MAGEE, WORRALL & RICHARDS Makers 223 Grand St, New York, New York
  • Mansell, John, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Listed as “rule maker, near 208, So. Front St.,” in Stephens's Philadelphia Directory, For 1796, p. 116. Published by Thomas Stephens. 1796.
  • Name spelled 'Mansel' in Stephens' 1796 Directory.
  • Listed as “rule and umbrella maker, 252, south Front St,” in Stafford Philadelphia City Directory 1797, p. 122. Published by Cornelius William Stafford 1797.
  • Listed as “rule and umbrella maker, 252, south Front St,” in Stafford Philadelphia City Directory 1798, p. 96. Published by Cornelius William Stafford 1798.
  • Listed as “rule and umbrella maker, 252, south Front St,” in Stafford Philadelphia City Directory 1799, p. 92. Published by Cornelius William Stafford 1799.
  • Listed as “rule and umbrella maker, 252, south Front St,” in Stafford Philadelphia City Directory 1800, p. 83. Published by Cornelius William Stafford 1800.
  • Listed as “umbrella maker, 75 Chestnut,” in The Philadelphia City Directory For 1802, p. 163. Published by James Robinson 1802.
  • Marsh, F. E.,
  • Patented dry measure scales struck on Stanley rule.
  • Mason & Hanson.,
  • New York & Chicago: Rules: Curved tailors rule.
  • Master,

    Massachusetts Tool Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Greenfield, Mass.: Rules: Tempered Steel, C
  • Maurer, Daniel, New York, New York
  • Listed as “instrument maker 17 Spruce,” in the 1827 Longworth's American Almanac New York Register and City Directory, p. 339. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827.
  • Mayhew & Co., H. H.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Shelburne Falls, Mass.: Squares: C
  • M.W.& CO.,
  • Marshall Wells and Company.
  • McGuire, Joesph Cinn, O.
  • Square yard stick.
  • Megarey, Alexander New York, New York
  • Listed as “Alex. Megary, math. inst. maker 54 Grand,” in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory, p. 298. Thomas Longworth. 1825.
  • Listed as “Megary Alexander, math. instruments, 190 Water, h. 41 Hamilton” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 225. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Listed as “math. inst. maker 64 Lispenard,” in the 1827 Longworth's American Almanac New York Register and City Directory, p. 341. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827.
  • Listed as “math. instruments 190 Water living at 41 Hamilton,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Merrifield & Co., New York, New York
  • Boxwood Gunter Scale, marked MERRIFIELD & CO over NEW YORK half brass bound with beveled front edge.
  • M'Intire, Thomas, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “M'Intire, Thomas, instrument maker, 10 Jarvis row,” in The Boston Directory 1820, p. 149. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1820.


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  • Nathusius & Kugler, New York, New York
  • Tailors' Square, 16 x 6. Marked NATHUSIUS & KUGLER over NEW YORK
  • National Advertising Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Seneca Falls, New York: Rules: Advertising, B
  • National Rule Company, Rochester, New York
  • Advertisment describing “...Graduated Steel Rule...Sold through the Stationery trade...Standard and Metric Measurements”, seen in The American Stationer and Office Outfitter March 29, 1919 p. 23.
  • Nelson & Hubbard, Middletown, CT
  • E.M. Gorham, Esq described “Nelson & Hubbard as a maker of rules, squares, and bevels; employing fifteen hands,” in his January 22, 1851 essay Middletown as it is originally published among the Correspondence column of the New York Journal of Commerce and was included as an Appendix to David D. Fields Historical Address, p. 126. delivered at the Second Centennial Anniversary in the city of Middletown, Conn. on November 13, 1850 published by William B. Casey 1853.
  • Bound Carpenters' Rule
  • Newark Plane, Rule & Level Co.,
  • Farnham: Newark, New Jersey, under the supervision of Elias Francis, previously of Mockridge & Francis, rulemaker.
  • Newell, Andrew, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, No. 61, State Street,” in the 1789 The Boston Directory, p. 32. Printed and sold by John Norman, at Oliver's Dock. 1789.
  • Newell, Charles, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as Mathematical Instrument Maker, No 11, Merchants row. in the 1805 The Boston Directory, p. 92. Published by Edward Cotton 1805.
  • Nichols Mfg. Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Ottumwa, Iowa: Rules: Steel Framing, D
    1905-06 Thomas' Register: Ottumwa, Iowa: Squares: Iron, Steel, Framing, D
  • Noble, Orrin,
  • 1855 New York City directory per Ken Roberts.
  • Noyes, G., Lisbon, New Hampshire.
  • Rule: Log Caliper.



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    Odell, John, Boston, Massachusets.
  • Mathematical Instruments.
  • MATHEMATICAL INSTRUMENTS. JOHN ODELL, No 76 BROAD-STREET, BOSTON, From Spencer, Browning & Rust, London; in whose manufactory he has had constant practice for upwards of twenty years, and been three years employed for the dealers in Boston -- would further inform the Merchants, Owners, and Officers of vessels, that he is a real Maker of Sextants, Quadrants, Telescopes, and Compasses, both in brass and wood; do. Surveyors' Instruments, according to order... March 1822 from advertisement in The American Coast Pilot 1822, Edmund M. Blunt, Publisher. March 1822.
  • Listed as “mathematical instrument maker, High,” in The Boston Directory, p. 199. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1825.
  • Osborn, John, Boston, Massachusets.
  • Listed as “instrument maker, 12 Orange St.,” in The Boston Directory 1820, p. 159. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1820.


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  • Page, E.L., Green, New York
  • Caliper.
  • Patten, Richard, New York, New York
  • Listed as “math. inst. maker 180 Water h. 26 Cli[ff],” in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory , p. 332. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1825.
  • Listed as “math. inst. maker 180 Water h. 26 Cliff,” in the 1827 Longworth's American Almanac New York Register and City Directory, p. 380. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827.
  • Patten & Ferris New York, New York
  • Listed as “math. instrument makers 180 Water,” in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory , p. 332. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1825.
  • Peabody,
  • Log measure. Maker, Philadelphia.
  • Peck, Stow & Wilcox,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Southington, Conn.: Rules: Steel, Tinners', Iron, AAAA
    1905-06 Thomas' Register:Squares: Iron, Steel, Plate Glass, Machinists, AAAA
  • Pierce Organ Pipe Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Reading, Mass.: Squares: Organ, C
  • Pierpont, Thomas, New York, New York
  • Listed as “instrument maker 90 Catherine,” in Longworth's American Almanac new-York Register and City Directory, p. 257. Published, David Longworth. 1808.
  • Piper, George, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • Rules, circa 1830.
  • Listed as “pocket book manufacturer and fine polished steel worker, North Allen,” in the 1823 The Boston Directory, Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr., 1823, p. 18. This listing believed to be the same George Piper that made/marked rules in Boston.
  • Pollock, Allan, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Pollock, Allan, philosophical instrument maker, 1 Carver,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory 1833, p. 265. Published by Stimpson and Clapp 1832.
  • Listed as “Pollock, Allan, philos. inst. maker, 52 Federal, h Berry,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory 1833, p. 285. Published by Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1834.
  • Pool, Frederick, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Pool, Frederick, philosophical instrument maker, 8 Congress square, h. rear 2 Governor alley,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory, p. 265. Published by Stimpson and Clapp 1832.
  • Pool, Thomas, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Pool, Thomas, philosophical instrument maker, 472 Washington,” in The Boston Directory 1825, p. 213. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1825.
  • Pool jr., Thomas, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Pool jr. Thomas, philosoph inst. maker 66 William,” in the 1827 Longworth's American Almanac New York Register and City Directory, p. 392. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1827.
  • Fred'k Post Co., Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 218 Clark, Chicago, Illinois:Tapes: Measuring, D
  • Pratt, Jas. T., & Co.,
  • 53 Fulton St. N.Y. Caliper rule.



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    Queen & Co., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register:1010 Chestnut, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania:Tapes: Measuring, AA
  • Quincey, J. New York, New York
  • Listed as “instrument-mak. 199, Water-st,” in The New-York Directory, p. 43. Published by David Franks. 1786.


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  • Richards, New York, New York
  • Folding Tailor's Square. Marked RICHARDS over MAKER, and PAT'D. MAY 25/??.
  • Take down 45 inch Dressmakers rule. Marked RICHARDS over MAKER over N.Y..
  • Richardson, Asa, Middletown, Connecticut
  • Listed as owner and constructor of steam engine built in 1837 in Middletown, Connecticut Rule manufactory. Richardson also listed as having constructed a steam engine in 1836 for Townsend Way's paper hanging manufactory. Steam Engines, p. 82. Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury 1838.
  • Richardson & Co., Middletown, Connecticut
  • Carpenters' slide rule.
  • Geo. W. Richardson, Geo. W.,
  • slide rule
  • Robinson, I. J., St. Johnsbury, Vermont.
  • Square: Bevel, patented June 14, 1870.
  • Justus Roe & Sons,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register:Patchogue, New York:Tapes: Measuring, D
  • Justus Roe., Patchogue, New York
  • Patent number 387541, 8/7/1888, reel for tape measure.
  • Patent number 431484, 7/1/1890, protractor.
  • Patent number 475470, 5/24/1892, surveyors tape measure reel.
  • Rook, William. H., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Carpenters' Rule. Marked W.H. ROOK over ROXBURY
  • Ship Carpenters' Bevel Rule.
  • Boston, Mass. Gunter Navigation Rule.
  • Listed as Rule Maker.Wm. H. Rook, 2 Haver[sic]-,” in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, p. 99. By S.N. Dickinson. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • Alex Rowland, New York.
  • rule
  • F.G. Rowe, Boston, Mass.
  • paper rule
  • ADAMS RUGGLES, MANUF'R TOLEDO O
  • board measure stick
  • Russell & Irwin Mfg. Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: New Britain, Conn.: Rules: Tinners', AAAA
    1905-06 Thomas' Register:Squares: Iron, Steel, AAAA



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    S&B Co., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Rules:Machinists
  • Sanborn, Gustavus B., (1848-1902)., Bristol, New Hampshire
  • Log Calipers.
  • Board Rule. Marked Manufactured by over G. B. SANBORN. over Bristol, N. H.
  • Sanford, Joesph, Newport, Rhode Island
  • Circa. 1825
  • Barrel Measure - marked Joesph Sanford / Maker / Henry Bull / January 20, 1825.
  • Sargent, L.B., Plymouth, New Hampshire
  • Log Calipers.
  • Sargent & Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 151 Leonard, New York City: Rules: Steel, AAAA
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 151 Leonard, New York City: Squares: Iron, Steel, Machinists, AAAA
  • Savage, Seth, Middletown, Connecticut.
  • Rules, mid 19th century. Sold business to A. Stanley and T. Conklin in 1855.
  • Sawyer, Horace, New York.
  • Listed as “Sawyer Horace, math. inst., 156 Water, living at 2 Grove” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 282. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Sayer & Hobby, New York.
  • Listed as “Sawyer & Hobby, math. inst. makers, 156 Water,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 282. John Doggett Jr, Publisher
  • Sawyer Tool Mfg. Co., Fitchburg, Mass.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Fitchburg, Mass.: Rules: Steel, Steel Metric, Key Seat, Machinists', Desk, School, C
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Fitchburg, Mass.: Squares: Combination, Iron, Steel Machinists, Try, Mitre, Adjustable, Steel Hardened, “T”, C
  • Seelig, R., Chicago, Illinois
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 122 So. Clark, Chicago, Illinois:Tapes: Measuring, G
  • Seneca,

    Seymour, W.N. & Co., N York
  • Lumber rule.
  • Simmons, E.C. & Company,
  • 1872-1874
  • Slade & Keast, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Slade & Keast, 128 Washington, Barometers & Thermometers 62 Commercial in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical businesses.,” p. 73 in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • Smith, Henry, Newark, New Jersey
  • Farnham: 1844 at 2 Quarry Street, Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker.
  • Farnham: 1858 at 64 State Street through 1866, rulemaker.
  • Smith, Jas. X., New-Lebanon N.Y.
  • Tailor's rule. 1877.
  • Smith, S.O.,
  • Farnham: Former level maker Stephen O. Smith claimed to be successor to James C. Tingley. Maple, Satin and Boxwood Counting House Rules (pictured and looks like a regular desk ruler).
  • Farnham: First directory entry 1880-81, through 1896, listed as level and rule maker; thereafter until 1907 listed as rulemaker. Factory at 22 and 24 Prospect Street, Newark, New Jersey.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Newark, New Jersey: Rules: Counting house, Wood, D
  • Smith, W. M., New York, N.Y.
  • Listed as “Smith, W. M., agent for Gilbert Clark & Co's., boxwood and ivory rules, 219 Pearl-street.,” p. 219 in New-York As It Is In 1833 and Citizens' Advertising Directory, Published by J. Disturnell 1833.
  • Solf(t)mann, E.G.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 125 E. 42nd, New York City: Rules: Architects, Engineers, Slide, Caliper, B
    1905-06 Thomas' Register: 125 E. 42nd, New York City: Squares: “T”, Triangles, B
  • Souls, J.,
  • 1840 New York City directory per Ken Roberts.
  • Sommer & Maca, Cicero, Illinois
  • Sommer & Maca founded in 1920 is a manufacturer of glass and stone machinery
  • 30 x 24 inch Glasscutters Square made of maple.
  • Southington Cutlery Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Southington, Conn.: Squares: Iron, Steel, AA
  • Spencerian Pen Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: New York City: Rules: Desk, AA
  • Spencerian Writing and Measuring Ruler, Mrs. Sara A. Spencer, Spencer Business College, Washington, D.C.
  • Boyd's Directory of the District of Columbia By William Henry Boyd, Andrew Boyd, Elizabeth S. Boyd, R.L. Polk & Co. Rules: School
  • Standard,

    Standard Rule Co., Unionville, CT.

    Standard Tool Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Athol, Mass.: Squares: Center Combination, Steel, Steel Hardened, Try, X
  • Staniford & Rook,
  • East Cambridge, Mass.: Rule.
  • Carpenters' Rule
  • Stanley, A., New Britain, CT
  • 1854-1857 New Britain, Connecticut. Augustus and Timothy Stanley formed partnership with Thomas Conklin in 1854 and purchased rule business of Seth Savage in 1855.
  • Stanley Rule & Level Co., New Britain, CT
  • Formed in 1857 when A. Stanley & Co. joined with the Hall & Knappe Company makers of try squares, levels and plumb bobs to form the Stanley Rule and Level Company.
  • Purchased rule business of E. A. Stearns of Brattleboro, Vermont in 1862.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: New Britain, Conn.: Rules: Steel metric, Ivory, Steel, Boxwood, Extension, Lumbermans', AAA
    1905-06 Thomas' Register:Squares: Iron, Steel, Try, Mitre, AA
  • Starrett Co., L.S., Athol, Massachusetts.
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Athol, Mass.: Rules: Key Seat, Machinists', Scale, Shrinkage, Steel, Desk, Blacksmiths', Metric, Slide, Caliper, A
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Squares: Bevel, Caliper, Combination Iron, Steel, Machinists Try, Mitre, “T”, Double tongue, A
  • Stearns, E.A., Brattleboro, Vermont.
  • Started in 1838.
  • Purchased by Stanley Rule & Level Co. in 1862. Stanley catalogs continued to list Stearns rules through 1879.
  • Stephens, Lorenzo & Delos,
  • Father and son respectively who both worked for Hermon Chapin initially in Pine Meadow, Connecticut. Started their own business in 1853 in a rented building.
  • In 1864 moved the business from New Hartford, Connecticut to Riverton, Connecticut.
  • In 1901 joined the Chapin firm to form Chapin-Stephens.
  • In 1929 was absorbed by Stanley.
  • Stevens Arms & Tool Co., J.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Chicopee Falls, Mass.: Rules: Machinists', AAA
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Chicopee Falls, Mass.: Squares: Machinists, A
  • Stevens, J., Boston
  • Ship's Carpenter Bevel
  • Stieven & Co., Wm. E.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 644 Smithfield, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Squares: “T”, A
  • Strateline,



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    Taggart, R.T., Manchester N.H.,
  • Mathematical Instrument Maker,
  • Hoyt's Improved Caliper Log Rule
  • Taylor, S.T.,
  • Folding Tailor's Square. 13 inch x 24 inch. Marked S.T. TAYLOR 930 B'WAY NEW-YORK.
  • Tailor's Square. 13 inch x 24 inch. Marked S.T. TAYLOR 15 W 34TH ST NEW-YORK.
  • 816 Broadway, New York.
  • 349 Canal, New York. Hand stamped Tailor's rule.
  • 407 Broadway, New York. Listing found in Trow's 1862 New York City Directory: “Taylor, Samuel T. patterns, 407 B'way.”
  • Temple, J.H., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Temple, J.H., 51 Court in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical businesses.,” in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, p. 73. By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • Tewksbury & Tuttle, Middletown, Connecticut
  • E.M. Gorham, Esq described “Tewksbury & Tuttle, turning out bevels and squares,” in his January 22, 1851 essay Middletown as it is originally published among the correspondence of the New York Journal of Commerce and was included as an Appendix to David D. Fields Historical Address Delivered at the Second Centennial Anniversary in the city of Middletown, Conn. on November 13, 1850 published by William B. Casey 1853.
  • Thaxter, Samuel, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, No 49, State Street, house Fleet Street,” p. 121 in the 1805 The Boston Directory, Published by Edward Cotton 1805
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, No 51, State Street, house Fleet,” in the 1807 The Boston Directory, p. 144. Published by Edward Cotton 1807.
  • Listed as “Thaxter, Samuel, mathematical instrument maker, 27 State st. house 15 Pickney st.,” in the 1820 The Boston Directory, Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1820.
  • Advertisement placed in THE AMERICAN COAST PILOT; Published by Edmund M. Blunt, 1822. Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker at No. 27 State-Street Boston,” March 1822.
  • Listed as “Thaxter, Sam'l, math. inst. mak., 125 State, h. 41 Pinckney,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory, p. 310. Published by Stimpson and Clapp 1832.
  • Thaxter, Samuel & Son, (Joseph H.), Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Makers, 27 State Street, house 16 Pinckney,” in the 1823 The Boston Directory, p. 221. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1823.
  • Listed as “Thaxter, Samuel & Son, (Joseph H.) mathematical instrument makers, 128 State, h. 16 Pinckney,” in The Boston Directory, p. 255. Published by John H.A. Frost and Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1825.
  • Thompson, Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Framing Square. 1895.
  • Thorpe Mfg. Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 50 Woodward Ave.:Tapes: Car wheel measuring, X
  • Tidgewell & Co., Middletown, Connecticut
  • Square
  • Tidgewell & Son, Middletown, Connecticut
  • E.M. Gorham, Esq described “James Tidgewell & Son in the manufacture of try-squares, bevels and guages,” in his January 22, 1851 essay Middletown as it is originally published among the correspondence of the New York Journal of Commerce and was included as an Appendix to David D. Fields Historical Address Delivered at the Second Centennial Anniversary in the city of Middletown, Conn. on November 13, 1850 published by William B. Casey 1853, p. 131
  • Tingley, James C., Newark, New Jersey
  • Farnham: 1869 Tingley & Co., 7 New Jersey Railroad Avenue, Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker until 1875.
  • Tingley & Co., New York, New York
  • Desk rule
  • Tinlin Rivet Rule Company, (Stanley), 1523 Conway Building, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Patent 1934.
  • Thrall, Willis & Son. Hartford, Connecticut.
  • 1866 price list showing boxwood 2 fold and 4 fold rules. In addition board measure, bench and shoemaker measures. Also, yard sticks, wantage and gauging rods, try squares and sliding bevel squares.
  • 1871 letter head shows No. 10 Central Row, Hartford, Connecticut. Established 1833. Manufacturers of Rules, Try Squares, Bevels, Base Knobs, File and Chisel Handles &c.
  • Listed in Journal of The Franklin Institute Vol X, Philadelphia, 1845, Extracts from the recordings of the Fifteenth Exhibition of American Manufactures, held in the city of Philadelphia, from the 21st of October to the 1st of November, inclusive, 1845 by the Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania, for the promotion of the Mechanic Arts. p. 382 It is to be regretted, that many beautiful specimens in this department came too late to be submitted to the inspection of the judges. Among them may be mentioned: ... 712, carpenters' rules, by W. Thrall, Conn.; ... 725, carpenters' rules, by H. Chapin, Conn. ...



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    Union Nut and Bolt Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Unionville, Conn.: Rules: Boxwood, A
  • Upson Nut Co., Unionville, Connecticut
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Unionville, Conn.: Rules: Lumbermans', Boxwood, Ivory, AAAA


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  • Wacuanda, Orange, N.Y.
  • Yard Standard.
  • Walker, Job, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Walker Job, rulemaker, corner Hester & Elizabeth, h. 88? Ludlow,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 381. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Walker, Job & George H., New York, New York
  • In a Ken Roberts' Reprint of the 1860 Belcher Brothers & Company Catalogue, Roberts' included documentary describes Job Walker as likely an English immigrant starting the rule business in 1845 in New York, soon after his brother George H. joined him and formed the J & G.H. Walker firm which continued until 1873.
  • Many Walker rules are marked on the edge near the head joint.
  • Listed in the Report of the Twentieth Exhibition of American Manufactures held in Philadelphia from 15th to 26th October, 1850 by the Franklin Institute.
  • Listed as “J. & G.H. Walker, Manufacturers of Box-Wood & Ivory Rules, Gunter's Scales, Ship Builders' Levels, Guaging and Wantage-Rods, &c., 61 Elizabeth-Street, N.Y.,” in The American Advertiser. Published by Prall, Lewis & Co., 1850, p. 116.
  • Walker, William, New York, New York
  • Listed as “mathemat. inst. maker 96 Harman,” in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory , p. 440. Thomas Longworth, Publisher. 1825.
  • Listed as “Walker William, math. inst. maker 64 Third,” in 1834-5 Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory, p. 708. Published Thomas Longworth. 1834.
  • Ward, Leonard, Newark, New Jersey
  • Farnham: 1849 at 78 River Street, Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker.
  • Farnham: 1862 at 69 River Street, Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker.
  • Farnham: 1885 at 38 River Street, Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker.
  • Taylor's Rule, marked L. Ward-Maker, Newark-N.J.
  • Ward & Co., Newark, New Jersey
  • Log Cane, marked Ward & Co Makers Newark N.J.
  • Ward & Jaggers, Newark, New Jersey.
  • 2 Foot 2 Fold Boxwood Carpenters' rule. Marked Makers Newark, New Jersey.
  • Watts, Joseph, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • Mid 19th century carpenters' rule with gunter slide.
  • Marking Gauge.
  • Taylor's Square.
  • Log Stick.
  • Notice “TO TAILORS. J. Watts has removed from Charlestown to 12 Washington Street, Boston, upstairs, and has on hand, and will make to order, every variety of Squares and Scales...”
  • Listed as “Watts, Joseph, measuring instruments, 12 Wash. h. at Charlestown” in The Boston Directory, p. 376. Published by Adams, Sampson & Co., 1858.
  • Listed as “Watts, Joseph, measuring instruments, 4 Washington. house at Charlestown” in The Boston Directory, p. 456. Published by Adams, Sampson & Co., 1861.
  • Listed as “Watts, Joseph, measuring instruments, 4 Wash. h. at Charlestown” in The Boston Directory, p. 420. Published by Adams, Sampson & Co., 1862.
  • Watts, Lawrence B., Boston, Massachusetts.
  • MARRIAGES “...Mr Lawrence B. Watts to Miss Catharine M. Clark...”
  • Listed as “Watts, Lawrence B., rulemaker, 87 Chambers,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory, Published by Stimpson and Clapp, 1832, p. 327.
  • Listed as “Watts, Lawrence B. rulemaker, 3 Chambers, h. 30 Poplar,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory, Published by Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1834, p. 352.
  • DIED “March 8, 1860, Lawrence B. Watts, 43.”
  • Waterbury Brass Co.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Waterbury, Conn.:Tapes: Measuring, AAAA
  • Weaver & Leiser, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania
  • Rule:
  • Patent: Weaver, Lewis M., and Z.C. Leiser, Lock Haven, Pa. “Combined ruler, gage, and circle scriber”, Patent Number 482,896, September 20, 1892.
  • Weber & Co., F., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register:1125 Chestnut, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania:Tapes: Measuring, A
  • Westcott Jewell Co., Seneca Falls, New York
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Seneca Falls, New York: Rules: Advertising, Desk, Parallel, School, D
  • Welch & Co., T.F., Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 65 Sudbury, Boston, Mass.: Squares: “T”, D
  • Wheeler, John H., New York, New York
  • Listed as “math inst. maker 218 h. 240 Water,” in Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory , p. 453. Published by Thomas Longworth. 1825.
  • Listed as “Wheeler John H., math. inst. 220 Water h. 136 Greene,” in 1834-5 Longworth's American Almanac New-York Register and City Directory, p. 728. Published Thomas Longworth. 1834.
  • Wheeler., W.A., Littleton, New Hampshire
  • Log Calipers.
  • Whitcher Co., Frank W., Boston Massachusetts
  • Rule: Shoemaker's measure PAT'D APR'L 13, 1880
  • White,

    Whitescarver, G.H.,
  • Metal Calculating protractor.
  • Wightman, J.M., Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Wightman, Joseph, philos. inst. maker, h. 33 Warren ,” in Stimpson's Boston Directory 1833, p. 361. Published by Charles Stimpson, Jr. 1834.
  • Listed as “Wightman, J.M. 33 Cornhill , 51 Court in listing of Instruments, Nautical, Mathematical & Philosophical businesses.,” in The Boston Almanac for the Year 1842, p. 73. By S.N. Dickinson. Boston. Published by Thomas Groom, & Co. 1842.
  • Wilcox, Crittenden & Co., Middletown, Connecticut
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: Middletown, Conn.:Tapes: Tape Lines, etc., Measuring, A
  • Wiley, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Carpenter Rule.
  • Williams, Alexander, Newark, New Jersey
  • Farnham: Newark, New Jersey, rulemaker.
  • Williams, William, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Listed as “Mathematical Instrument Maker, head of Long wharf, house in Quaker Lane,” in the 1789 The Boston Directory, p. 44. Printed and sold by John Norman, at Oliver's Dock. 1789.
  • Woodroffe, George, New York, New York
  • Listed as “Woodroffe George, math. instruments, 112 John,” in The New York City Directory for 1842 and 1843, p. 352. John Doggett Jr, Publisher. 1842.
  • Wyke & Co., Jno.,
  • 1905-06 Thomas' Register: 898 Saratoga, Boston, Mass.: Rules: Machinists',D
    1905-06 Thomas' Register: 50 Saratoga, Boston, Mass.: Squares: “T”, D



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    Acknowledgments
    Thanks to the following people for their help in preparing this list.
    William Baader, Bob Bernard, Steve Bruder, Richard Chapman, Ed Chamberlain, Dick Dickerson, Alexander Farnham, Martin J. Donnelly, Patrick Leach, John Goss, Dr. Ronald Pearson, Jane & Mark Rees, Ken Roberts, Rodger Shepherd, M.D., M.P.H., Roger K. Smith, Anne & Don Wing.
    © 1996-2014 Philip A. Cannon II All Rights Reserved, except as below.
    Permission to reproduce this page for your personal non-commercial use is granted. Permission for any other use must first be obtained in writing.

    makers.htm updated March 2014